Life in color

Color kaleidoscope

Changing colors Chameleon

Life in color - Changing colors Chameleon, gorgeous blue and green reptile

Gorgeous blue and green reptile. Life in color – Changing colors Chameleon

Changing colors Chameleon

No other animal can change its colors and look in two directions at once, as Chameleon. The naked eye can see that a chameleon – one of the most beautiful and unusual reptiles on the planet. Most chameleons change color from brown to green and back, but some can take nearly any color. Chameleons have a rich color palette – green, blue, brown, yellow, purple, and red, which they manifest on different parts of the body – legs, throat, or head. Changing colors can happen in just 20 seconds. A female chameleon displays coloration to communicate the willingness to mate. Calm chameleons typically display the least vivid colors. An ill chameleon may have dark or pale coloration, and sleeping chameleons are often very pale. Chameleons are born with special cells that have color or pigment in them. These cells are found in the top layers of the skin. They are called chromatophores. The upper layers of chromatophores have a red or yellow pigment. In the lower layers there is a blue or white pigment. When these pigment cells change – changes the color of chameleon.

Blue and green Chameleon

Blue and green Chameleon

Almost half of the species of chameleons in the world live on the island of Madagascar with 59 different species that do not exist anywhere else outside the island. There are approximately 160 species of chameleon. They are spread from Africa to southern Europe, from southern Asia to Sri Lanka. They were also brought to the United States in such places as Hawaii, California and Florida. By the way, the smallest chameleon in the world lives in Madagascar.

Chromatophores change, because they receive a message from the brain. The message tells the cells to grow or shrink. These actions cause the cells to mix pigments – in the same way as paint. Melanin also helps chameleons change color. Melanin fibers can spread like a web through the layers of cells, and their presence causes the skin to darken.

Many people think that the color of the chameleon is in harmony with its environment. Scientists do not agree with this. Their research shows that light, temperature and mood make chameleons change. Sometimes it helps the reptile to communicate with other chameleons.

Chameleon Eyes have a 360 degrees and see in two directions at once. Chameleons eyes are the most special among all reptiles. They can rotate separately and focus to observe two different objects at the same time, allowing their eyes move independently.

Chameleons do not hear very well. Chameleon, the same as a snake, has no external or middle ear, thus no eardrum. However, chameleon is not deaf. It can detect sound frequencies in the range 200-600 Hz.

According to some folklore beliefs, chameleons must not be harmed. Chameleons should not be considered appropriate as pets.

Changing colors Chameleon


Grzimek’s Animal Life Encyclopedia. Vol. 07 Reptiles. 2nd ed