Violet Eternal Love
In the house where the flowers of violas and violets grow, people live in understanding and warmth. Violet is believed to be a symbol of eternal love. Violets are multicolored flowers – red, purple, pink, yellow, blue… In Germany in antiquity celebrated every spring day when the first violets appeared. According to legend, the first who finds this flower will be lucky enough to marry the most beautiful girl and be happy all his life. After the Greeks, such boundless love Violet enjoyed from the ancient Gauls, to whom it served as a symbol of innocence, modesty and virginity. With violets decorated both – the marriage bed and the grave of prematurely deceased beloved one. From the Gauls love for violet “inherited” their descendants – the French. In times of poetic competitions, the highest award for a victory served a golden violet. Considering violet symbol of purity and innocence, French writers and poets compared with it someone worthy.
Violet Eternal Love
The genus Viola – approximately 500 species of herbaceous plants or low shrubs. Among them – small, solid colored violets and the larger-flowered, often multicolored violas and pansies. Many Viola species have two types of flowers: the showy spring flower is infertile; the less conspicuous summer flower is self-fertilizing. The best-known species of Viola have heart-shaped leaves. The popular florist’s violets, consisting of several hybrids (many of them Viola odorata), are usually called sweet violets. The family Violaceae, to which Viola belongs, has members worldwide; they are typically small trees and shrubs that grow as low vegetation beneath the taller trees of forests.
It is known that a big fan of violets was Sarah Bernhardt. She said that violets were her favorite flowers. After performances her fans gave her only violets; her toilets and flat was filled with fragrance scent of violets. Sarah was very eccentric. It is known that she always used to take coffin with her, used to sleep in it, made a photo shoot and rehearsal of her funeral.
For the Greeks, violet was an ambiguous flower. On the one hand, it was considered a symbol of grief and sorrow (as the memory of the kidnapped daughter of Zeus), on the other – the emblem of spring every year reviving nature. The ancient Greeks also loved decorate with violets their houses, statues of their gods, and themselves. Violet wreaths were worn by children when they reached the age of three, thus indicating that for them innocent years passed and now they come to life as young citizens. Violet in general was the favorite flower of the ancient Greeks.
The Romans, not less than the Greeks, were interested in violets. They used it as a medicinal herb, added to the wine, which immediately received the name of the spring drink. Without violets Romans did not imagine joyful event, or a religious festival. In the cities, such as Rome, Genna and Sicily, there were even a coin with an image of violet.
In Russian folklore, violets are called Anyuta’s eyes. The legend says about the beautiful girl with a kind heart and trusting soul – Anyuta. She lived in the village, and was naive. Everything was fine, until she met a guy, with whom she fell in love with all her heart and unconditionally believed him. But he was afraid of her love and left her, but promised to return. Anyuta was waiting for him, looking at the road, and slowly faded from depression. After her death at the tomb of the girl rose flowers with three colored petals, each of which represented the feelings she felt for the guy: the first petal – the hope of reciprocity, the second – a surprise from unfair resentment, the third – the sorrow of unrequited love.
Encyclopedia of World Mythology and Legend Facts, 2009
The Encyclopedia of Celtic Mythology and Folklore, 2004